It’s is a phenomenon where by something new and somehow valuable is formed.

The created item may be:

  • intangible (such as an idea, a scientific theory, a musical composition or a joke)
  • physical object (such as an invention, a literary work or a painting)

The potential relationship between creativity and Intelligence has been of interest since the late 1900s, when a multitude of  scholars focused not only on creativity, but also on intelligence.

There are three theories about the relationship of both terms:

  • Threshold Theory – Intelligence is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for creativity. There is a moderate positive relationship between creativity and intelligence until IQ ~120
  • Certification Theory – Creativity is not intrinsically related to intelligence. Instead individuals are required to meet the requisite level intelligence in order to gain a certain level of education/work, which then in turn offers the opportunity to be creative. Displays of creativity are moderated by intelligence
  • Interference Theory – Extremely high intelligence might interfere with creative ability.

Sternberg and O’Hara proposed a framework of 5 possible relationships between creativity and intelligence:

  1. Creativity is a subset of intelligence
  2. Intelligence is a subset of creativity
  3. Creativity and intelligence are overlapping constructs
  4. Creativity and intelligence are part of the same construct (coincident sets)
  5. Creativity and intelligence are distinct constructs (disjoint sets)


Highly creative people who excel at creative innovation tend to differ from others in three ways:

  • they have a high level of specialized


  • they are capable of divergent

thinking mediated by the frontal lobe.

  • they are able to modulate neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine in their frontal lobe(thus, the frontal lobe appears to be the part of the cortex that is most important for creativity.)



Fashion designers attempt to design clothes which are functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. They have a wide range and combinations of materials to work with and a wide range of colors, patterns and styles to choose from.

Fashion designers work in different ways: some sketch their ideas on paper, while others drape fabric on a dress form.

Creative is perhaps the adjective that is most suited for a fashion designer: he expresses himself, his character and his personality shaping the fabric with care and adding perfect and unique details